Obesity is the complex, multifactorial type of nutritional metabolic disease. It occurs due to imbalance between intake of energy and its expenditure resulting in positive energy balance, which is characterized by the abnormal growth of the adipose tissue, resulting in an increase in the body weight to the extent of 20% or more of the standard weight for the person’s age, sex and height. There are more than 1 billion overweight adults and of them, at least 300 million are obese.
Prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing worldwide at an alarming rate in both developed and developing countries. Obesity is normally caused by a sedentary lifestyle. Till now no perfect solution is available for its cure, so its study at different prevention levels is necessary.In present review article etiopathology of sthaulya, its sign & symptoms, preventive methods like nidan parivarjan, dinacharya, therapeutic management along with medicine, diet, pathya apathya, nonpharmacological methods like exercise and yogic kriyas have been studied in detail. Ayurveda being a holistic health science constitutes preventive aspects as well as treatment aspects of disease Sthaulya. The preventive aspects of obesity have been taken under the heading Swasthavritta.
Keywords: Sthaulya, Prevention, Nidan parivarjan, Pathya-Apathya, Vyayam, yogic kriyas
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