Beauty is a subject of socio-medical importance. Cosmetics are used in a wide range throughout the world which leads to many hazardous effects due to chemicals contain. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use and the mode of action of herbs mentioned in Varnya Mahakashaya of Acharya Charak for maintenance of skin complexion i.e. for Varna Vriddhi of Twaka or Rupaprasadan. According to Ayurveda Skin is divided in 7 different layers – Avabhasini, Lohita, Shweta, Tamra, Vedini, Rohini, Mamsadhara. These layers are responsible for various characters of skin like complexion, and also the Bhrajak Pitta which is closely associated with skin is responsible for skin complexion. The Charak Samhita is great text in Ayurveda stated a group of 10 medicinal plants known as Varnya Mahakashaya that can be used to obtain glowing skin. It includes- Shweta Chandan ( Sntalum albam ), Nagakeshar (Mesuva ferra), Padmak (Prnus cerasoides) , Ushira (Vetiveria zizanioides), Madhuka (Glycerrhiza glabra), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Sariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Payasya (Ipomoea digitata), Sita (white variety of Cynodon dactylon) and Lata (green veriety of Cynodon dactylon). These drugs can be used individually or in combination also internally and externally. All of them work under varnya, raktashodhak, pittashamak, kushthaghna guna. Most of them are prescribed for skin diseases, the pharmacological properties of these herbs indicate complexion promotion action.
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